19. Bungeoppang, Korean Fish-shaped Snack Full Bread

Bungeoppang: The Korean Delight Wrapped in Tradition


Bungeoppang, a delightful treat hailing from South Korea, is not just a mere snack; it’s a reflection of the country’s rich culinary heritage and cultural traditions. Literally translating to “carp bread,” this fish-shaped pastry has garnered a dedicated following both within Korea and internationally. This blog post aims to delve into the origins, ingredients, preparation, and cultural significance of Bungeoppang, offering readers a comprehensive insight into this beloved Korean delicacy.


1. Origins of Bungeoppang



Bungeoppang traces its roots back to the early 20th century in Korea. Inspired by Japanese imagawayaki, a similar confection, Bungeoppang quickly gained popularity among Koreans. The name “carp bread” stems from the fish-shaped mold used to make this pastry, resembling a carp—a symbol of luck and prosperity in Korean culture.

2. The Fish-Shaped Mold: A Symbolic Design

The distinct fish-shaped mold used for Bungeoppang is more than just a design choice; it carries symbolic significance. In Korean culture, fish symbolize abundance and prosperity. By shaping the pastry like a fish, Bungeoppang embodies these positive attributes, making it a popular snack, especially during festive occasions.

3. Ingredients: The Essence of Bungeoppang

The core ingredients of Bungeoppang include flour, baking powder, sugar, eggs, and milk. Once the batter is prepared, it’s poured into the fish-shaped mold, often filled with sweetened red bean paste or other fillings like custard or chocolate. The combination of crispy exterior and flavorful fillings encapsulates the essence of Bungeoppang, making it a delightful treat for all ages.

4. Bungeoppang Recipe: Crafting the Korean Delicacy at Home

Bungeoppang, a beloved Korean treat known for its fish-shaped design and delightful fillings, has captured the hearts of many with its unique blend of flavors and textures. While it’s readily available at street corners and local bakeries in Korea, making Bungeoppang at home can be a rewarding culinary adventure. This article provides a step-by-step Bungeoppang recipe, allowing you to recreate this iconic Korean delicacy in your kitchen.



For the batter:

For the filling:

Sweetened red bean paste (available at Asian grocery stores) or other preferred fillings like custard, Nutella, or sweet potato.


Cooking oil or cooking spray for greasing the mold


1) Prepare the Batter:

  • In a mixing bowl, combine the all-purpose flour, baking powder, and sugar.
  • In a separate bowl, whisk the egg and milk together.
  • Gradually add the egg-milk mixture to the dry ingredients, whisking continuously until a smooth batter forms. Ensure there are no lumps.

2) Preheat the Mold:

  • If using a Bungeoppang mold, ensure it’s clean and dry.
  • Lightly grease the mold with cooking oil or cooking spray to prevent sticking.
  • Place the mold over medium heat to preheat it. It’s essential to preheat the mold to ensure even cooking and a golden exterior.

3) Pouring the Batter:

  • Once the mold is adequately heated, pour a small amount of batter into each fish-shaped compartment, filling it to about half.
  • Add a spoonful of the desired filling (e.g., red bean paste) into the center of each compartment, ensuring not to overfill.

4) Cooking the Bungeoppang:

  • Carefully close the mold and cook the Bungeoppang over medium heat for 2-3 minutes.
  • After the initial cooking time, flip the mold to ensure both sides of the Bungeoppang are evenly cooked.
  • Continue cooking for an additional 2-3 minutes or until the Bungeoppang turns golden brown and crispy.

5) Serving and Enjoying:

  • Once cooked, carefully remove the Bungeoppang from the mold and place them on a plate.
  • Allow them to cool slightly before serving to avoid burning.
  • Bungeoppang is best enjoyed warm, offering a delightful contrast between the crispy exterior and the soft, flavorful filling.

Tips and Variations

  • Experiment with different fillings to cater to your taste preferences. From traditional red bean paste to modern options like Nutella or custard, the possibilities are endless.
  • Ensure the Bungeoppang mold is adequately greased before pouring the batter to prevent sticking and achieve a perfect fish-shaped pastry.
  • Adjust the cooking time based on your stovetop’s heat level to achieve the desired golden brown color and crispiness.

5. Bungeoppang and Seasonal Festivities

Bungeoppang holds a special place in Korean festivities, particularly during winter months. Street vendors and local bakeries often offer freshly made Bungeoppang, piping hot and filled with delectable fillings. Its availability and association with festive celebrations have cemented its status as a seasonal favorite among Koreans.

6. Evolution and Variations

While the traditional Bungeoppang remains a beloved choice, modern variations have emerged over the years. From fillings like cheese, Nutella, and sweet potatoes to gluten-free and vegan options, Bungeoppang has evolved to cater to diverse tastes, ensuring its continued relevance in today’s culinary landscape.

7. Bungeoppang in Popular Culture



Beyond its culinary appeal, Bungeoppang has found its way into popular culture. It’s often featured in Korean dramas, movies, and literature, further solidifying its iconic status. Its distinctive shape and association with nostalgia evoke fond memories for many, transcending generations.

8. Bungeoppang: A Culinary Ambassador

As Korean cuisine gains global recognition, Bungeoppang stands out as a culinary ambassador, introducing many to the flavors and traditions of Korea. Its unique blend of taste, texture, and cultural symbolism resonates with food enthusiasts worldwide, fostering appreciation for Korean gastronomy.

9. Enjoying Bungeoppang: Tips and Traditions

Traditionally, Bungeoppang is best enjoyed fresh off the mold, when its exterior is crispy and the filling is warm and gooey. Pairing it with a hot beverage like coffee or tea enhances the experience, balancing the sweetness of the pastry. Whether savored alone or shared with loved ones, Bungeoppang offers a moment of indulgence.

10. Bungeoppang: A Taste of Tradition

In essence, Bungeoppang is more than just a pastry; it’s a taste of Korean tradition and craftsmanship. Its enduring popularity, rooted in cultural significance and culinary excellence, underscores its timeless appeal. As the culinary world evolves, Bungeoppang remains a steadfast symbol of Korea’s rich heritage.


Bungeoppang, with its rich history, symbolic design, and delectable taste, encapsulates the essence of Korean culinary heritage. As a beloved snack cherished by many, it serves as a testament to the enduring appeal of traditions and the joy found in simple pleasures. Whether enjoyed during festive celebrations or as a daily indulgence, Bungeoppang continues to captivate hearts and taste buds alike.


What does Bungeoppang mean?
Bungeoppang translates to “carp bread,” reflecting its fish-shaped design.

What are the main ingredients in Bungeoppang?
The main ingredients include flour, baking powder, sugar, eggs, and milk, with various fillings such as red bean paste, custard, or chocolate.

How is Bungeoppang prepared?
Bungeoppang is prepared by pouring batter into a fish-shaped mold, adding a filling, and cooking until golden brown.

Is Bungeoppang associated with any festivals?
Yes, Bungeoppang is often enjoyed during festive occasions in Korea, especially during winter months.

Are there any modern variations of Bungeoppang?
Yes, modern variations include fillings like cheese, Nutella, and sweet potatoes, along with gluten-free and vegan options.

Where can I find Bungeoppang?
Bungeoppang can be found at street vendors, local bakeries, and specialty Korean food stores.

Is Bungeoppang popular outside of Korea?
Yes, Bungeoppang has gained popularity internationally, introducing many to Korean cuisine.

Can Bungeoppang be enjoyed year-round?
While traditionally associated with winter festivities, Bungeoppang is enjoyed year-round by many.

Is Bungeoppang suitable for vegetarians?
It depends on the filling used. Red bean paste is a common vegetarian option, but it’s always best to check the ingredients.

How should I best enjoy Bungeoppang?
Bungeoppang is best enjoyed fresh and warm, preferably paired with a hot beverage like coffee or tea.

Today’s Quiz

What does the name “Bungeoppang” translate to in English?

Answer: “Carb bread.”

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